4 Basic Steps to Diagnose your Engine Control Unit (PCM/ECM)Mintt
Today we’re going to be covering 4 methods to assist you diagnose your Engine Computer (PCM/ECM/ECU Control Module) as to whether or otherwise not it is the concern inside your vehicle. The steps we’re going to be covering are Visual Examination, a basic Exchange, utilizing a device for instance a Scanner, and Process of Elimination.
1. Visual Examination
When doing a visual inspection you would like to begin by examining the PINs. You want to ensure you can find all upright and intact. If this inspections out, then you desire to proceed to a odor examination – a simple whiff from the plug of the device will let you know whether the unit is ok. If you get a distinct odor of burned plastic-type that lets you know that it’s not ok. At that point, you need to more examine the board by opening up the unit.
When opening up the unit, you wanna visually inspect for just about any burnt parts or corrosion. If either among the two can be found, the Engine Computer must be replaced.
2. Swap a replacement
For Step 2, a simple swap can be achieved. This will only be effective when working on an old vehicle. Especially, OBD-I where Engine Computer does not demand Programming. When this occurs, whenever you can find a Substitute system matching you exact initial Part Number when putting that Alternative to your car, when it can communicate with that Module, that’s a really big tip that the unit is needed to be replaced.
3. Using a Scanner
For step 3 of your diagnostics, you can use a tool such as a scanner. Hooking up a scanner in your OBD-II port will let you know if are there any codes coming from the Engine Computer. Once you have Diagnostics difficulty codes, it is possible to know whether or not the underlying in the problem was the Engine Computer, or maybe the Computer is communicating then there’s something else with the car is happening.
4. Process of Elimination Examining Inputs and Outputs when doing a PCM diagnostics
For step 4 of you identifying your Engine Computer, we’re going to be masking the entire process of Elimination. When diagnosing you Engine Computer by process of elimination, we are going to be focusing on two halves: the Inputs compared to the Outputs.
The Inputs contain your Battery, the Ignition Switch, the Fuses, as well as the Sensors. The Outputs contain Fuel Injector, the Energy Pump, the Spark Plugs, and also the Starter.
With all the Inputs, we need to track that by means of to make certain that enough power is getting for the Engine Computer. You start off with the battery – is there enough voltage coming out? Then track that voltage through the ignition switch, from the fuses, and through the sensors.
If the proper voltage is getting for the Engine Computer then we need to check another 50 % to see if the Computer is doing is definitely the job. You would like to confirm whether the Injectors/Fuel Pump is perhaps all obtaining signals, regardless of whether you might have Spark, and whether or not the Starter is to get a signal.
For those who have a proper voltage trace from your battery all the way to the Engine Computer, your Inputs are fine. However, if afterwards you proceed to the other fifty percent, and either the injectors, the fuel pump, the spark or the starter are certainly not functioning, that’s gonna let you know that this Computer is getting enough Capability to do its job but something at the center. within the computer, is not really translating, therefore the Engine Computer is not really carrying out its job. When this occurs, it is possible to confirm that this Engine Computer is definitely the trouble. Unless you have adequate voltage going to the Computer, you decide to go back and further check Battery, your wires towards the Ignition Move, your Fuses, and your Sensors.
If these four actions have not aided you to diagnose the Engine Computer correctly, you can visit our website or give us a fast call for us to very best assist you with your Engine Control Module, at Mintt we take our business seriously!